The current situation and relationship of positive psychological qualities and well-being of employees in Enterprises
1 Department of Management, Guangdong University of Science & Technology, Dongguan 523083, China
2 Department of Psychology/ Center Quality of Life and Applied Psychology, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan 523808, China
3 School of foreign languages, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, China
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
To investigate the status and relationship of positive psychological qualities and well-being of employees in Enterprises Methods 342 employees were tested by the Life Orientation Test Revised (LOT-R), Adult Dispositional Hope Scale (ADHS), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) and Oxford Happiness Test-Revised (ROHS). Results (1) the scores of Optimistic, self-efficacy, hope and subjective well-being were (21.72 ± 3.17), (26.33 ± 5.03), (24.24 ± 3.21) and (39.61 ± 9.90). (2) In the optimism aspect, there was no significant difference between male and female, but there were significant differences based on marriage (t=2.82, p <0.01) , if only child (t=2.78, p<0.01) and grow place (t=2.79, p<0.01). In the hope and self-efficacy aspects, there was no significant difference based on gender, marriage, if only child and grow place. In the well-being aspect, the score of urban employees was higher than that of rural employees (t=2.50, p<0.05) and there was no differences in other factors. (3)There were significant positive correlation between optimism, self-efficacy, hope and well-being (r=0.42, 0.47, 0.40, p<0.01). (4) Supposing the subjective well-being as independent respectively, and hope, optimism, self-efficacy as dependents, we can get an regression equations. Explain rates of optimism and self-efficacy to well-being were 34.1%. Conclusion Optimism and self-efficacy were positively correlated with well-being, no matter considered alone or together.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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